Your fertility is mostly determined by genetics, which influences how many eggs you are born with.
Doctors believe that the number of eggs you have at birth determines the length of time you will remain fertile. At birth, women have about two million eggs in their ovaries. For every egg ovulated during your reproductive life, about 1,000 eggs undergo programmed cell death. Other things, such as smoking cigarettes and certain types of chemotherapy, can accelerate egg cell death and promote an earlier menopause.
Regular menstrual cycles are a sign of regular ovulation.
Most women have regular cycles lasting between 24 and 35 days. This is usually a sign of regular, predictable ovulation. Women who do not ovulate regularly have irregular menstrual cycles. Those who do not ovulate at all may have a genetic condition called polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).
Basal temperature charting does not predict ovulation.
An older method of tracking ovulation involves taking your oral body temperature each morning before getting out of bed. This is called basal body temperature. This method is used to spot a rise in basal temperature, which is a sign that progesterone is being produced.
The main problem with using this method is that your temperature rises after ovulation has already occurred. This makes it more difficult to time intercourse at an optimal time for conception.
By age 44, most women are infertile, even if they are still ovulating regularly.
Even with significant fertility treatment, rates of conception are very low after age 43. Most women who conceive in their mid-40′s with fertility treatment are using donated eggs from younger women.
Vitamin D may improve results of fertility treatments.
A recent study from the University of Southern California suggested that women who were undergoing fertility treatments, but had low vitamin D levels, might have lower rates of conception. This vitamin is also essential during pregnancy. At Pacific Fertility Center, we recommend our patients take 2,000-4,000 IU per day.
Being either underweight or overweight is clearly linked with lowered levels of fertility.
The evidence in recent years is that obesity is clearly linked with a longer time to conception. Having a body mass index less than 18 or over 32 is associated with problems ovulating and conceiving, as well as problems during pregnancy.
Image courtesy of FreeDigitalPhotos.net
Information source: HuffingtonPost.com